Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Pomeranian Dog Breed: The Shrunken Spitz With A Huge Personality

Pomeranian Dog Breed: The Shrunken Spitz With A Huge Personality 

Do you find yourself wondering why similar looking Dogs differ in sizes? Had breeders not pursue in developing Toy Dog breeds, we might jolly well be stuck with medium to large Dogs. That's an issue us apartment dwellers (and Dog-lovers) would have faced til today. And while the Toy Poodle and Schnauzer may have rightfully achieved their recognized size variables, we will be talking about the Pomeranian— a miniature Spitz, Teddy-face, Fox, the list of nicknames go on. ☺

The Pomeranian Dog

The breed's name Pomeranian was derived from the Pomerania region of Germany and Poland, Central Europe. Pomeranian Dogs also used to be of a much larger size, as working dogs in the Arctic regions, and descendants of the German Spitz. Due to the fact that they looked similar to German Spitz, Pomeranians were commonly referred to as Dwarf Spitz— the German word Spitz was a term to classify Dogs with sharp facial features.
Pomeranian Personality
Pomeranians were often seen in early paintings, featuring Queen Charlotte of the British Royal Family. The Pomeranians she had brought over to England were of a larger size, unlike the current Pomeranian breed we see today. Queen Victoria (Queen Charlotte’s granddaughter), shared similar interests and enthusiasm for the breed. She first exhibited one of her favourite Pomeranians named Marco in 1891. Marco weighed only 5.4 kgs. 
Pomeranian and Queen Victoria
The exhibit brought about an immediate rise in popularity for a smaller sized Pomeranians— leading to a 50% significant decrease in size of Pomeranians throughout the years. Queen Victoria was a major contributor, she imported smaller sized Poms in different coat colours, from all over Europe for the purpose of her breeding program to develop tinier Pomeranians.
Pomeranian best in show
The first official breed club was formed in England, setting the first breed standards in 1891. The Pomeranian breed was registered with AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1898, becoming a recognized breed in 1900. The first achievement of a Pomeranian was in 1926, coming in first for best in Toy Group, followed by Best In Show only in 1988.

Appearance Of A Pomeranian

Size — Pomeranians today are a small-sized dog classified under Toy breeds with tiny compact bodies. The average weight of an adult ranges from 1.9kgs to 3.2kgs.

Coat — Full double-coats with long hairs. Finishing at the back with a plumed tail that sits high and curled. Poms are also known for the ruff of fur around their necks— depending on grooming style, this could look like a Lion’s mane.
Pomeranian grooming
Form — While standing, front paws stand pointed to the front, with hind legs slightly shorter. Pointed muzzle tip and round, almond shaped eyes

Colour — The early colours were mainly Brown, and Black. However, Queen Victoria’s Marco had a shade of Red, boosting the popularity of this colour in the 90’s. Today, Pomeranians are available in other shades like White, Brown, Tan, Sable, Brindle, Cream, Spotted and even Tri-colour. The most common colours are Brown, Black and Red.
Pomeranian breed information
Fun Fact      Though the popular appearance of Poms today happens to have shorter muzzles and rounded bodies, don't be surprised to find some Poms with physical resemblance to their Spitz ancestors still (i.e. longer muzzle)!

Grooming Requirements Of A Pomeranian

To maintain a neat and clean coat of a Pom, regular brushing and combing is inevitable. This prevents nasty matting and tangling, and minimizes excessive fly-away hair around the home. Pomeranians are known to shed quite a bit throughout the seasons, requiring a coat trim every 1 to 2 months. In order for coat maintenance to be simpler, some owners opt for shorter styles at the Groomers (i.e. Puppy Cut, Teddy Bear).  
Adopt a Pomeranian
 Trim their nails to make sure they are not clacking on the ground. Clean their ears and eyes with a Vet-approved cleanser and cotton balls. It is important to practice regular dental hygiene to avoid tooth decay— Poms are prone to losing their teeth at an early age.

Fun Fact      Running a curry-brush through their coats during baths provides them a good massage while ridding loose hair!

Personality Of A Pomeranian

The shrink in size certainly did not affect the boisterous Pomeranian. This breed is active, extroverted and prideful dogs. Happy being in the limelight and star of a room is nothing short of a regular day for a Pom, for they are friendly to human companions, and friends of the family. However, aggression may be displayed toward other Dogs and animals— Without supervision or prior socialization, the possibility of a Pom trying to prove their dominance is high.
Cute Pomeranians
These behaviours can be corrected with training and positive reinforcements, you'd be glad to know that this intelligent breed adapts well to training. Pomeranians may tend to bark excessively at the start— to curb this yapping, they can be trained to understand commands such as "Quiet" or "Stop". Their big personalities do not compensate the fact that they are fragile, proper handling should be supervised at all time around children.
Pomeranian Dog breed information
All in all, you can expect your Pom Pom giving kisses (a quick lick) as they walk by you, and being the most excited to greet you. They make excellent lap dogs whom love a good stroke and belly rub. Attention, exercise, and activities will keep your Pomeranian happywith an average lifespan of 12 to 16 years!

Editor's Note— This article is a dedication to our office resident-pet and life-companion, currently on internship. He spends his days doling out kisses, greeting with smiles, gnawing on kibble and stealing treats with large doe eyes. On especially good days He naps in his quiet corner, peaceful yet aware of happenings ☺
Pomeranian Breed ThePetsDialogue

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